GRADE 12 

SELECT YOUR AREA OF INTEREST

MCV4U CALCULUS AND VECTORS – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U)

 

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

MCV4U online builds on student’s previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to modelling of real-world relationships. MCV4U online is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.

UNIT ONE

Vectors

Essential Question: How can mathematics be used to explain orientation in space?

  • In this unit, students will be studying a quantity known as a vector. It is simply your typical line segment with a direction, but what is surprising is the number of applications that make use of it. For example, in the field of physics there is position, displacement, velocity, acceleration, forces, momentum, fields and so on. Students will look at some vector applications and solve related problems both geometrically and algebraically by performing operations on vectors.

UNIT TWO

Lines and Planes

Essential Question: How can two and three-dimensional models be used to imagine solutions to complex problems?

  • In this unit, students will be required to combine the understandings from the previous unit with new concepts such as three-dimensional vectors and planes.

UNIT THREE

Rates of Change

Essential Question: How can rates of change found in the real world be modeled using mathematics?

  • In this unit, students will notice a shift in content as we move from the vectors portion of the course to the calculus portion. Students will be introduced to the idea of a rate of change. This is one of the most important concepts needed to understand calculus and will be used often throughout the course.

UNIT FOUR

Derivatives

Essential Question: How can mathematical concepts be used to make sense of real-world problems?

  • In this unit, students will be introduced to one of the most fundamental operations in the study of calculus – the derivative! Understanding the derivative will require the use of the understandings students developed throughout the first unit. A concrete understanding of the derivative is necessary to understand the remaining units in this course.

UNIT FIVE

Curve Sketching

Essential Question: How can problem solving tools be used to represent functions visually?

  • In this unit, students will develop the skills needed to sketch any given function. This unit will require students to connect algebraic concepts with graphical concepts in order to deepen their understanding of what the graph of a given function looks like.

UNIT SIX

Derivatives of Exponential and Sinusoidal Functions

Essential Question: How can derivatives be used to analyze specific functions?

  • In this unit, students will be required to apply their understanding of derivatives to analyze both exponential and sinusoidal functions.

CULMINATING PROJECT

10% of Final Grade

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of MCV4U online. This project will challenge students to use the knowledge and skills they gained throughout this course and is worth 10% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

20% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of MCV4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

MDM4U MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

MDM4U online broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving counting techniques, probability, and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course. Students will continue to develop the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find MDM4U online of particular interest.

UNIT ONE

Probability

Essential Question: How do we determine the likelihood of everything?

  • In this Unit, students will be studying probability and it’s characteristics. Students will also learn counting principles and then apply those to calculating probabilities.

UNIT TWO

Collecting Data

Essential Question: How do we collect information?

  • In this Unit, students will be studying Data Collection, how it’s done and its characteristics. Students will learn how to recognize good data from bad data. The first step to good data management is good data collection. This unit looks at what data is, the various ways one can gather and collect it, and how to do all of this in a way that keeps the information free of bias. There are a lot of terms and ideas in this unit rather than calculations. It is also a fairly small unit but is crucial to good data management because whatever we learn after this could be disregarded if it was not collected in an accurate and fair manner.

UNIT THREE

Variable Data Analysis Part 1

Essential Question: Does data follow patterns?

  • In this Unit, students will be learning about the tools for analyzing one variable data sets. Students will learn tools to visually organize the information as well as numerically. Students will also learn other tools that they can use to summarize and explain data sets.

UNIT FOUR

Variable Data Analysis Part 2

Essential Question: How does time affect data sets?

  • In this Unit, students will be learning the analysis of two-variable data. Students will learn to calculate regression and correlation by hand and technology. Students will also examine how to use graphs to come to conclusions as well as avoiding bias.

UNIT FIVE

Probability Distributions

Essential Question: How do we tell the difference between unlikely and unfair?

  • In this unit, students will learn about how the concepts of probability and normal distribution connect and how they can use this information to help them make predictions and conclusions.

UNIT SIX

Confidence Intervals

Essential Question: How can we trust the data we are given? Is the mean always correct?

  • In this unit, students are studying Confidence Intervals. These are basically ranges that we predict will have our mean for the data.

CULMINATING PROJECT

10% of Final Grade

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of MDM4U online. This project will challenge students to use the knowledge and skills they gained throughout this course and is worth 10% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

20% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of MDM4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

MHF4U ADVANCED FUNCTIONS – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

MHF4U extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. MHF4U online is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs

UNIT ONE

Polynomials

Essential Question: How can characteristics of polynomials be used to make connections between functions and their graphical representations?

  • In this unit, students will investigate the key properties and characteristics of polynomials and use their findings to form connections between algebraic and graphical representations of polynomial functions. Students will develop skills that can be used to analyze and solve polynomial equations and inequalities.

UNIT TWO

Rational Functions

Essential Question: What patterns exist in rational functions and how can they be used to make predictions about their graphs?

  • In this unit, students will examine the key characteristics of rational functions and use them to develop an understanding of their graphical representations. Students will investigate the different cases where horizontal asymptotes occur and use their understanding to solve rational equations and inequalities.

UNIT THREE

Trigonometry

Essential Question: How can the properties of trigonometric functions be used to make predictions about real-world scenarios?

  • In this unit, students will build on their understanding of trigonometry acquired from previous studies of mathematics. Students will develop an understanding of radian measure and conceptualize special triangles and the unit circle in terms of radians. Students will explore advanced trigonometric identities and make connections to the graphs of sine and cosine. These graphs will be used to develop the graphs of tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent. Lastly, students will apply the understandings developed in this unit to solve trigonometric equations and real-world problems.

UNIT FOUR

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Essential Question: How can the relationship between exponential and logarithmic functions be used to solve real-world problems?

  • In this unit, students will review exponential functions and make connections to the logarithmic function by applying an understanding of inverse functions. Students will then learn to write expressions in both exponential and logarithmic form. Students will learn about the laws of logarithms and how they can be applied to solve logarithmic equations. Lastly, students will combine the understandings they develop throughout this unit and apply them to solve real-world problems that can be modelled using exponential and logarithmic functions.

UNIT FIVE

Combining Functions and Rates of Change

Essential Question: How can rates of change be used to make sense of motion in the world?

  • In this unit, students will begin by examining sums, differences, products, and quotients of functions. Students will then substitute functions into other functions in order to form composite functions. The domain, range, and key characteristics of combined functions will then be explored. Students will then turn their attention to rates of change of functions and investigate how the average rate of change can be used to approximate the instantaneous rate of change of a given function

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of MHF4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

NDW4M CONTEMPORARY INDIGENOUS ISSUES & PERSPECTIVES IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit studies or Canadian and world studies or social sciences and humanities

GRADE: 12 (University/College)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

Despite the wide diversity of Indigenous peoples around the world, contemporary Indigenous cultures and communities share many perspectives, experiences, concerns, and aspirations. In NDW4M online, students examine global issues from the perspectives of Indigenous peoples, investigating topics such as identity, social justice, human rights, spirituality, resilience, and advocacy for change. Students draw on the depth and diversity of Indigenous cultures, traditions, and knowledge to consider how Indigenous communities around the world persevere despite current global political, social, and economic challenges.

Students learn about the threats to cultural survival posed by trends such as the loss of land as an economic base, environmental decline, lack of sovereignty/self-governance, the legacy of colonialism, globalization, language loss, and gender-based discrimination facing Indigenous women and girls. By encouraging students to examine the political, economic, and social context for a variety of interactions between Indigenous and nonIndigenous populations in several regions of the world, NDW4M online helps students build knowledge and skills that prepare them for meaningful participation in a globalized society.

As students make connections between contemporary global issues and cultural survival, they learn that all cultures benefit when Indigenous values, rights, and aspirations are respected. Students not only explore the impact of global trends on Indigenous lives and lived experiences but they also discover ways in which Indigenous knowledge and leadership can support efforts to address issues affecting all peoples. Students may investigate the benefits of incorporating Indigenous perspectives into resource management, for example, or of employing Indigenous leadership approaches within organizational structures. By exploring the values reflected in Indigenous concepts such as the two-eyed seeing model and planning for future generations – and by investigating how these values can guide approaches to the complex issues facing nations and peoples around the world – students extend their understanding of the contributions that Indigenous cultures make, and the value they add, to the global community. They also develop their awareness of the critical importance of building relationships based on truth and mutual respect.

UNIT ONE

Indigenous Peoples and Perspectives

Essential Question: How are the connections between the Indigenous peoples and their land shifted your awareness and knowledge of FNMI issues?

  • In this unit, students will develop an understanding and appreciation of the global diversity of Indigenous peoples, and of the factors influencing how Indigenous identities are defined, affirmed, or denied. By exploring the deep connections between Indigenous peoples and the land, students will learn to acknowledge the consequences of displacing Indigenous communities from their traditional territories. Students will also examine the role of Indigenous knowledge and oral traditions in sustaining Indigenous cultures and beliefs.

UNIT TWO

Global Trends and Cultural Survival

Essential Question: How are Indigenous cultures sustained?

  • In this unit, students will investigate a variety of contemporary economic, social, technological, and political trends to determine how they are related to the cultural survival of Indigenous peoples around the world. Students will explore issues related to human rights, social justice, and self-determination. Students will analyze the balance of power in a variety of interactions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups to deepen their understanding of the connections between political power and cultural survival, as well as the key role of sovereignty/self-governance in sustaining Indigenous cultures.

UNIT THREE

Sovereignty and Self Determination

Essential Question: How is the term "sovereignty" understood by Indigenous peoples globally?

  • In this unit, students will explore the history and development of the terms/concepts “sovereignty” and “self-determination”. Students will explore how this has shifted the balance of power between Indigenous nations and global states, as well as examine how these terms impact international law related to Indigenous peoples.

UNIT FOUR

Legal, Political, and Social Action

Essential Question: How are Indigenous peoples taking on global challenges affecting them at the educational, societal, and global levels?

  • In this unit, students will learn about the ways in which the rights of Indigenous peoples around the world are defined, recognized, or obstructed in the judicial, political, and social arenas. Students will examine the roles and responsibilities of international/regional legal bodies, and of national governments and judiciaries, in implementing measures to uphold Indigenous rights. Students will also develop an understanding of the influence of education, social action, and leadership on the promotion of Indigenous rights, aspirations, and perspectives in a global context.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of NDW4M online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours. 

OLC4O ONTARIO SECONDARY SCHOOL LITERACY COURSE – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course. Please see guidance to confirm eligibility. (Students who have already met the literacy requirement for graduation may be eligible to take the course under special circumstances, at the discretion of the Principal).

GRADE: 12 (Open)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

OLC4O online is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. In OLC4O online, students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.

UNIT ONE

Graphic Texts

Essential Question: How can we use graphic texts to disseminate information?

  • In this unit, students will learn, practice and demonstrate the literacy skills required to analyze a graphic text. These skills are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). In this unit, students will read a variety of graphic texts that are found in everyday life. They will gain important skills and strategies to learn how to read graphic texts successfully.

UNIT TWO

Writing Summaries

Essential Question: How can we summarize information by identifying key details? Why are these skills important to literacy?

  • In this unit, students will learn, practice and demonstrate the literacy skills required to analyze an informational text in order to write a summary. These skills are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). In this unit, students will read a variety of non-fiction texts that are found in everyday life. Students will gain important skills and strategies to learn how to write a summary successfully.

UNIT THREE

Informational Reading & Writing

Essential Question: What is an informational text and how do we disseminate its information effectively?

  • In this unit, students will learn, practice and demonstrate the literacy skills required to analyze an informational text. These skills are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). In this unit, students will read a variety of non-fiction texts that are found in everyday life. Students will gain important skills and strategies to learn how to write an informational paragraph successfully.

UNIT FOUR

Writing News Reports

Essential Question: How do you compose a news report so as to communicate key details about an event?

  • In this unit, students will learn, practice and demonstrate the literacy skills required to analyze and write a news report. These skills are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). In this unit, students will read a variety of non-fiction texts that are found in everyday life. Students will gain important skills and strategies to learn how to read and write a news report successfully.

UNIT FIVE

Series of Paragraphs

Essential Question: How do you compose a series of paragraphs so as to communicate key details and your opinion about a given topic?

  • In this unit, students will learn, practice and demonstrate the literacy skills required to write a series of paragraphs. These skills are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). In this unit, students will read a variety of non-fiction texts that are found in everyday life. They will gain important skills and strategies to learn how to write a series of paragraphs successfully.

CULMINATING PROJECT

15% of Final Grade

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of OLC4O online. This project will challenge students’ knowledge of the concepts learned throughout this course and will be worth 15% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

15% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of OLC4O online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

PPL4O HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: None

GRADE: 12 (Open)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

PPL4O online enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices. It places special emphasis on how students can maintain the habits of healthy, active living throughout their lives as they make the transition to adulthood and independent living. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities in a variety of settings, students can enhance their movement competence, personal fitness, and confidence. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. In PPL4O online, students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

UNIT ONE

Fitness Plan and Conflict

Essential Question: How do I design an effective Fitness Plan? What are different types of conflict and the strategies to overcome conflict?

 

  • In this unit, students will learn how to choose a fitness plan and then develop a personal Fitness Plan. Students will also learn about what conflict is and the different styles of conflict. Students will learn about effective methods of conflict resolution and coping strategies.

UNIT TWO

Safety and Violence/Substance Abuse

Essential Question: How do I stay safe while being active? What is the cycle of violence? How does violence impact healthy relationships? What influences the use of substances in unhealthy relationships?

  • In this unit, students will learn how to be safe when performing fitness activities in a variety of settings. Students will also learn about the causes of violence and its effects. Students will also learn about support and strategies for threats to their personal safety.

UNIT THREE

Movement and Human Development/Sexual Health

Essential Question: How do I explain and analyze physical literacy, and the principles and phases of movement? What is a healthy relationship? What are some of the issues around gender and sexuality?

  • In this unit, students will gain an understanding of movement and it’s three phases as well as an understanding of how the body moves. Students will also study human development and sexual health.

UNIT FOUR

Fair Play and Healthy Eating

Essential Question: Why is fair play important? How do I effectively analyze and design a play? What is healthy eating and how does the media influence our eating?

  • In this unit, students will learn about ethical and fair play and its importance in creating a rewarding and enjoyable activity environment. Students will learn about nutrition and how to make healthy eating choices in their everyday lives.

CULMINATING PROJECT

15% of Final Grade

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of PPL4O online. This project will be worth 15% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

15% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of PPL4O online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

PSK4U INTRODUCTORY KINESIOLOGY – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Any Grade 11 university or university/college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 course in health and physical education

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

PSK4U online focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sport, and the physiological, psychological, and social factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity and sport. PSK4U online prepares students for university programs in physical education and health, kinesiology, health sciences, health studies, recreation, and sports administration.

UNIT ONE

Anatomy and Physiology

Essential Question: What are the major bones and muscles of the body that contribute to human movement? What physiological factors affect the body's ability to efficiently move and fuel exercise?

 

  • In this unit, students will receive an essential introduction to the course. Students will begin by learning how to define human movement, then focus on skeletal and muscular anatomy. Students will focus on muscular contractions and end by examining the cardiovascular system.

UNIT TWO

Human Performance and Biomechanics

Essential Question: How can principles of physics be applied to human movements? What is the field of biomechanics and how does it influence analyzing movement?

  • In this unit, students will focus on three separate topics. First, students will put their anatomy knowledge to action through analyzing the Biomechanics of the human body. Second, they will investigate Nutrition and healthy eating practices. Lastly, students will learn Fitness principles and how to design a proper personalized plan.

UNIT THREE

Motor Development and Sport Psychology

Essential Question: How does the human body change from infancy to adulthood? What factors help positively influence learning new skills?

  • In this unit, students will focus on the basis of executing a skill. Students will learn how humans develop from childhood to adulthood. Next, they will learn how to properly analyze a skill. Finally, students will focus on the mental side of sport and exercise, taking an in-depth look at Sports Psychology.

UNIT FOUR

Sport in Society

Essential Question: What is the role of sport in culture? Why is sport increasing in economic importance around the world?

  • In this unit, students will examine the social and economic side of sport and exercise. Students will review the history of sport and the Olympic games. Students will then investigate the unique role of sport in culture. Lastly, students will examine the growing economic importance of the sporting world as they look into the business of sport.

CULMINATING PROJECT

15% of Final Grade

 

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of PSK4U online. This project will challenge students to apply the knowledge their learned in every unit and is worth 15% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

15% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of PSK4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

SBI4U BIOLOGY – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

SBI4U online provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. In SBI4U online, emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

UNIT ONE

Biochemistry

Essential Question: What is the relationship between the chemical properties of biological molecules and the biochemical reactions required to maintain normal cellular function and sustain life?

  • In this unit, students will learn about electronegativity and intermolecular forces. Students will also learn about organic compounds and the importance of functional groups. Students will investigate macromolecules including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Students will take a closer look at enzymes and enzyme activity as well as the different parts of a cell and their functions including membrane structure, function and transport.

UNIT TWO

Metabolic Processes

Essential Question: How and why do plants and animals obtain energy in different ways?

  • In this unit, students will learn about metabolic processes including cellular respiration and it’s various stages. Students will also learn about Photosynthesis and light dependent and light independent reactions.

UNIT THREE

Molecular Genetics

Essential Question: How are genes expressed?

  • In this unit, students will learn about the structure of DNA and RNA as well as DNA replication. They will learn about protein synthesis; transcription and translation. Students will investigate gene regulation and how mutations occur. Students will also learn about various biotechnological tools and techniques.

UNIT FOUR

Homeostasis

Essential Question: How do the endocrine, excretory and nervous system interact through feedback mechanisms in order to maintain homeostasis?

  • In this unit, students will learn about homeostasis and it’s significance. Students will also learn about the nervous system and the functions of both the central and peripheral nervous systems. They will investigate the endocrine system and learn about the hormones that affect their blood sugar, stress and metabolism. Students will also learn about the different reproductive hormones. Students will learn about the excretory system and why it is important for their bodies to excrete wastes.

UNIT FIVE

Population Dynamics

Essential Question: How are human population growth, personal consumption, technological development and ecological footprint related?

  • In this unit, students will learn about population dynamics. Students will investigate the changes in population, factors that regulate natural populations and the effects of human population growth, personal consumption and technological development.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of SBI4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

SCH4U CHEMISTRY – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

SCH4U online enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. In SCH4U online, emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

UNIT ONE

Organic Chemistry

Essential Question: Are organic chemical compounds good for us? How does the knowledge of organic structures impact human health and the environment?

  • In this unit, students will learn about organic compounds, their properties and their reactions. Many of the most important compounds encountered in daily life are organic compounds.

UNIT TWO

Structure and Properties of Matter

Essential Question: How do molecular structures impact the behaviour and properties of many chemicals around us?

 

  • In this unit, students will learn about how the structure of a molecule impacts on how it behaves.

UNIT THREE

Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction

Essential Question: How do we get energy to power our bodies and cities?

  • In this unit, students will learn that energy is at the heart of everything they do: right now there are millions of chemical reactions taking place in the body that provide energy to live and heat. Other processes important to life also require energy: combustion to power transportation, manufacturing fertilizers and other industrial processes. In this unit, students will examine how chemical reactions produce energy in other forms, such as heat. Students will also look at how those reactions proceed, especially the rate of reaction, and the factors that impact rate.

UNIT FOUR

Chemical Systems and Equilibrium

Essential Question: How can we make sense of incomplete and/or reversible chemical systems?

  • In this unit, students will learn about the balance achieved in chemistry and the factors that affect that balance. Up to now, students have assumed that reactions start with reactants and end with products; in this unit, they will see that most chemical reactions aren’t complete: that there are both products and reactants left when the system reaches equilibrium. This is an important concept that has had interesting scientific and even economic impacts.

UNIT FIVE

Electrochemistry

Essential Question: How can we build a better environmentally friendly battery?

  • In this unit, students will study electrochemistry. Have you ever seen a rusted car or used a battery operated device? These are both examples of electrochemistry in daily life. Electrochemistry is the study of the movement of electrons and the electric charge they carry with them. In this unit, students will take a closer look at REDOX reactions and all of the useful things they do.

CULMINATING PROJECT

10% of Final Grade

  • This project is one of the final evaluations of SCH4U. This project will be challenge students to use knowledge acquired throughout this course and is worth 10% of the final grade.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

20% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of SCH4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

SPH4U PHYSICS – GRADE 12

PREREQUISITE: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

 

SPH4U online enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyze, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. In SPH4U online, students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

UNIT ONE

Dynamics

Essential Question: How can we analyze both how objects move and what causes their motion?

  • In this unit, students will expand their knowledge of kinematics and forces into the combined field of dynamics. Students will be re-introduced to many terms, variables, and equations learned in Grade 11 Physics. They will apply these previously learned concepts to two-dimensional situations.

UNIT TWO

Circular Motion

Essential Question: To start thinking about relativity, we must first understand reference frames. How can we identify which frame of reference an object is in?

  • In this unit, students will apply their knowledge of dynamics to study objects moving with circular motion. Students will deepen their understanding of frames of reference and be able to study motion both from inertial and non-inertial frames of reference.

UNIT THREE

Energy and Momentum

Essential Question: What are the different safety considerations in cars to minimize the damages from collisions?

  • In this unit, students will study the Physics behind collisions. To do so, they will first recall what it means, in Physics, to do work. Students will review the types of mechanical energy studied in Grade 11 and they will learn more about thermal and elastic potential energy. Using Laws of Conservation of Energy and Momentum, students will analyze different types of collisions, qualitatively and quantitatively.

UNIT FOUR

Fields

Essential Question: Space may seem empty, but what suddenly makes an apple fall from the tree?

  • In this unit, students will explore gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces and fields. Students will analyze the behaviour of particles in these fields and will look at similarities and differences among the fields. Through calculations and simulations, students will gain an understanding of forces and fields that they can apply to a real-world technology.

UNIT FIVE

The Wave Nature of Light

Essential Question: In optics light is thought of as travelling as a single ray, but what if we make light go through a double slit?

  • In this unit, students will investigate wave properties and relate them to the behaviour of light. Students will first analyze water waves, and then transfer that understanding to light waves. Students will use diagrams and simulations to gain a firm understanding of the wave nature of light, and they will also analyze the patterns and behaviours mathematically.

UNIT SIX

Revolutions in Modern Physics

Essential Question: What is the nature of reality?

  • In this unit, students will be introduced to interesting phenomenon related to modern physics. Students will explore Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity as well as the quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation. Their exploration will take them through thought experiments, experimental observations, simulations, and simple calculations. This unit is an excellent overview of how science works, expanding and developing a theory with the support of ingenious ideas and experimental evidence. As students progress through the unit, they are encouraged to keep thinking about the overall development of modern theory. As they search to explain existing phenomenon, theories change and grow based on internal consistency and experimental findings. Students should finish the unit with a clear understanding of the development of modern physics and scientific theory in general.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of SPH4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

SES4U EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE – GRADE 12

PREREQUISITE: Science, Grade 10, Academic

GRADE: 12 (University)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

SES4U online develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyze techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.

 

UNIT ONE

The Science of the Universe

Essential Question: Are scientific theories about the universe changing as new evidence is discovered? How do sophisticated technologies enable us to achieve a deeper understanding of the origin and evolution of the universe?

  • In this unit, students will investigate and learn about the science of astronomy. By the end of the unit, they will have an up-to-date understanding of what we know regarding the origin of the universe, the evolution of stars, and the techniques used to find that information.

UNIT TWO

The Science of the Solar System

Essential Question: How are space exploration technologies affecting our society, the economy, and the environment?

  • In this unit, students will deepen their understanding and narrow their study of space to a much smaller area, which is our own cosmic neighbourhood – our solar system. Around 4.6 billion years ago, a large cloud of dust (about 20 pc wide) collapsed due to gravity. It formed a collection of dense cores, one of which came to be our Solar System. As the hydrogen in the cloud became a star, it gave us the conditions for life today.

UNIT THREE

The Science of the Third Rock from the Sun

Essential Question: Have the changing conditions on Earth over time had positive and/or negative effects on life on the planet?

  • In this unit, students will study the science of the Third Rock from the sun. As the Earth cooled, it underwent some spectacular geological events. These events and changes have been recorded in the Earth itself, and scientists have developed some fascinating ways of reading these records.

UNIT FOUR

The Science of Ores, Mines, and Power

Essential Question: How different types of rocks have different origins, properties, characteristics and uses?

  • In this unit, students will explore the Science of Ores, Mines, and Power. Around 43,000 years ago, ancient humans in Swaziland discovered that by digging into rocks, they could produce a red metal that could be turned into a dye. Since then, we have discovered an unbelievably wide range of materials to take out of the Earth and use.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of SES4U online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

SNC4M SCIENCE – GRADE 12

 

PREREQUISITE: Science, Grade 10, Academic, or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science

GRADE: 12 (University/College)

AVAILABILITY: WISS Online

SNC4M online enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. SNC4M online focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.

UNIT ONE

Nutritional Science

Essential Question: How does nutrition relate to health?

  • In this unit, students will learn about and discuss the nutrients and other substances found in food and how they affect human health and well-being.

UNIT TWO

Pathogens and Disease

Essential Question: How are different pathogens spread?

  • In this unit, students will learn about and discuss pathogens and the diseases they cause. Students will learn how they reproduce, spread, are controlled, and preventive methods.

UNIT THREE

Science and Public Health Issues

Essential Question: What is the role of public health to keep citizens safe from disease?

 

  • In this unit, students will learn about and discuss how public health helps individuals and societies adopt appropriate practices to protect their health and the health of others and how a global approach to public health is necessary to help prevent future pandemics.

UNIT FOUR

Biotechnology

Essential Question: How has biotechnology been used to modify organisms throughout human history?

  • In this unit, students will learn about and discuss the central dogma of molecular genetics (how the code of DNA is translated into a functional protein). Students will also discuss the many applications of biotechnology in health and agriculture. Students will discuss some controversies regarding genetically modified foods.

UNIT FIVE

Medical Technologies

Essential Question: How can non invasive imaging technologies be used to diagnose disease?

  • In this unit, students will learn about and discuss how medical technologies can have positive and negative effects on society, human health, the economy, and the environment. Students will learn about the science behind medical technologies, and how they can help patients better understand their diagnoses and treatment options.

FINAL EXAM

Proctored Exam

30% of Final Grade

  • This exam is the final evaluation of SNC4M online. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.

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